The project

Project Overview

The RAMPART project aims at developing a methodology and a support toolbox for assessing the risks which metro and light-rail CIs are subjected to from terrorism, and to evaluate the cost/effectiveness ratio deriving from the selection and implementation of a set of countermeasures.

The backbone concepts of the toolbox will be the represented by:

  • Common and widely accepted risk formulations to produce both the qualitative and quantitative risk level of an asset by evaluating the threat faced by the asset, the probable impact of an attack and the vulnerability of a given asset.
  • Identification of the immediate financial and indirect business impact of losing the assets or their functionality due to a terrorist attack, considering expected fatalities, injuries, economic losses, and other types of damage.
  • Cost-benefit analysis of countermeasures to determine the cost and the cost-effectiveness of the countermeasures to protect the metro and light-rail CI.


The basic objectives of RAMPART are:

  • Definition of an innovative risk assessment methodology for metro and light-rail CI security assessment process;
  • Availability of a qualitative and quantitative toolbox to support the assessment activities behind the development of metro and light-rail CI OSPs;
  • Definition of guidelines and benchmarks for security cost and cost-effectiveness analysis, allowing metro and light-rail CI operators/managers to balance security performances and costs.


The output of the project will consist of a prototype IT toolbox which will support the end-users by improving their protection capability and security awareness, thanks to:

  • 1. Evaluation of the risks level of CI assets by evaluating the threat faced by the asset, the impact of an attack and the assets’ vulnerability
  • 2. Identification of countermeasures and improvements for mitigation of the terrorist threats and vulnerabilities, that will form the mitigation plan to address the risks, based on a cost/benefit analysis.
The final step of the project will involve the set-up of a training methodology based on the production of tutorials and supporting documentation for the dissemination and understanding of the use and application of the RAMPART toolbox. A training manual will be produced to detail the functionality of the toolbox and a final workshop will be organised in order to verify and validate together with key stakeholders the RAMPART methodology and toolbox.